HOW TO TREAT AND PREVENT BREAKOUTS AND BLEMISHES

HOW TO TREAT AND PREVENT BREAKOUTS AND BLEMISHES

By JENNA RENNERT

15th Oct 2020

Jenna Rennert is a beauty expert and writer. For the launch of Doctor’s Notes, the former beauty editor of US VOGUE sat down with Dr. Barbara Sturm to discuss her tips to target and prevent breakouts and blemishes.


Let's be honest: there's nothing worse than a random pesky zit. I know this first hand, having experienced a few occasional, seasonal and face mask-induced spots in the midst of summer.

Usually, to try and prevent breakouts getting worse, I strive to wear next-to-nothing makeup, opting for a tinted CC (color correction) cream and a little waterproof mascara to avoid heavy foundation from seeping into my pores. But what else should we be doing to prevent breakouts? “Breakouts are caused by hormones, excess sebum, bacteria, blocked pores and inflammation,” explains skincare expert Dr. Barbara Sturm, "which in turn, triggers more acne.” The aesthetics doctor has developed her own unique approach to clearing skin over the years with the help of her proprietary, anti-inflammatory skincare line. So I asked her to share five of her best tips to treat blemish-prone skin and prevent further breakouts.

1. Stick to a Routine

Adhering to a simple yet effective cleansing routine is the first step to helping clear up skin. And rather than incorporating harsh ingredients that dry out the skin, Dr. Sturm advises those struggling with blemishes to heal with hydration. “It’s a common misconception that you need to dry out the skin to treat breakouts,” she explains of the outdated concept – the one that conjures up images of skin-stripping '90s masks'. "In fact, most breakouts are exacerbated by inflammation and dryness.” Instead, she recommends focusing on maintaining moisture levels that will in turn "improve skin barrier function" and help skin heal by reducing irritation.

With the creation of Dr. Sturm’s CLARIFYING collection, she attempts to do just that. “It includes a complex of Balloon Vine, Viper’s Bugloss and Sunflower Seed Oil that strengthens the skin’s moisture barrier." It also "helps to restore its natural barrier function", which is responsible for keeping out the bad stuff, like toxins and bacteria and keeping in the good (i.e. hydration). Dr. Sturm advises those with acne-prone skin to stick to a simple daily cleansing routine and incorporate her soothing and anti-oxidative CLARIFYING SERUM and CLARIFYING FACE CREAM to help treat and prevent future spots.

In addition, Dr. Sturm recommends swiping her alcohol-free, BALANCING TONER over the skin after cleansing at night. According to the expert, this step is “especially important because it removes any leftover traces of makeup, pollution and other impurities which can clog your pores.” Plus, the toner contains Beta-Glucan and Panthenol which balance the skin’s pH levels while Hyaluronic Acid soothes and provides “a moisture boost.”

2. Try a Spot Treatment

Should a pesky spot arise, Dr. Sturm suggests dabbing on a spot treatment, morning or night. “Spot-treating a blemish with healing and soothing ingredients can help to even out the post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation that usually results,” she explains. During the day, consider applying her tinted CLARIFYING SPOT TREATMENT. The fast-working solution comes in eight shades and is formulated with antibacterial Tea Tree Oil and Zinc Oxide (to control sebum) and Vitamin B3 (to support the skin’s healing process). Before bedtime, Dr. Sturm recommends dabbing on the clear, untinted option for extra nighttime action. Both are “created with hydrating ingredients to help reduce visible redness and irritation,” she says.

3. Never Underestimate the Power of Exfoliation

In conjunction with your daily skincare routine, Dr. Sturm recommends those with acne-prone skin to exfoliate three times a week. Beyond brightening and smoothing the appearance of skin, “exfoliating aids the removal of dead skin,” she says, “and helps to remove bacteria from the pores so sebum can’t build up.” Since those with breakouts may also be dealing with sensitivity, Dr. Sturm suggests her highly effective DARKER SKIN TONES ENZYME CLEANSER. “It’s formulated with enzymes that specifically and gently target dead skin without disrupting the life, health or function of living skin."

4. Consider Changing Up Your Diet

According to Dr. Max Schubert, the Medical Director of Health and Wellness at Austria’s medical detox and wellness center, Vivamayr Altausee, what you eat may have an impact on your skin. “The metabolism of animal dairy products leads to acid metabolites like biogen,” he explains, “which can cause irritation to the skin.” According to a study done by the American Academy of Dermatology, women who drank two or more glasses of cow's milk a day were 44% more likely to have acne than others.

Dr. Sturm concurs and notes that she asks clients to always get their blood checked for lactose intolerance and allergies if they’re prone to acne. “I also recommend all of my clients follow an anti-inflammatory diet, no matter what their skin type,” she says, suggesting her clients avoid sugar, refined carbs, processed and fried foods and swap in fatty fish, colorful fruits and vegetables, chia seeds, olive oil, purslane, mushrooms, sweet potatoes and avocado.

Dr. Sturm also recommends taking a skin calming supplement to aid in decreasing irritation. “My REPAIR FOOD helps boost the body’s natural repair process,” she explains. “Each capsule provides a concentrated dosage of the flavonoids Boswellic and Ellagic Acids, which help the body deal with oxidative stress.” Plus, a unique blend of Turmeric and Licorice root calms down skin which in turn reduces the appearance of acne.

5. Don’t Forget Sunscreen
 
 
Exposure to UVA and UVB rays may trigger irritation, making sunscreen a necessity for acne-prone skin. However, it’s important to debunk some dangerous myths that surround sun care before choosing your sunscreen. Some say that sitting in direct sun can clear up a breakout. Contrary to some opinions, this is completely false and often, can do more harm than good. How about the idea that wearing sunscreen can cause a breakout? Also incorrect.
 
 
According to the AAD (American Academy of Dermatology), every single person, regardless of gender, age and race should wear sunscreen everyday to help prevent skin cancer. But what type of protection should we reach for? “SPF only refers to UVB protection and says nothing about whether the product blocks UVA rays, which penetrate the skin more deeply, and can even penetrate airplane, car and home window glass,” adds Dr. Sturm. “So broad-spectrum (meaning both UVA and UVB) is the only way to go.”
 
 
When reading labels, Dr. Sturm recommends a SPF of 30 or higher. “SPF 30 is able to block 97% of the UVB rays, while SPF 50 blocks 98%,” she explains, “the difference is relatively minor.” And when choosing the right formula for everyday, Dr. Sturm warns against using a product that’s mixed into a moisturizer or serum. “The chemical parts of the SPF can destroy the active ingredients of your skincare products,” she says. Dr. Sturm suggests everyone (including those who are acne-prone) slather on her effective SUN DROPS SPF 50 for their protective, hydrating and healing properties. “They can be applied before and after makeup, and should be reapplied frequently if you’re going to the beach or skiing,” she says. Here’s to a brighter and clearer season ahead.

SIGNATURE:

Jenna Rennert

DATE:

01 October 2020


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